The Columbia University Libraries's policy for electronic reserves has been developed in compliance with the United States Copyright Act of 1976. Section 107 allows the making of multiple copies for classroom use provided that the circumstances of the use are fair according to the four factors in section 107 of the Copyright Act, the text of which follows:
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 106, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use in copies, phonorecords or by any other means specified by the section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is fair use the factors to be considered shall include:
- The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
- the nature of the copyrighted work;
- the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
- the effect of the use upon the potential market for and value of the copyrighted work.