International Conflict Resolution: Information Sources

This is a selective guide to library materials and Internet resources on international conflict resolution, disarmament, arms control, and peacekeeping.

Resources marked with this symbol are restricted to Columbia affiliates.

Online Catalogs

  • CLIO: Columbia Libraries Online Catalog
    CLIO is the online catalog for the Columbia and Barnard libraries. It includes over 4 million records for books, journal or newspaper titles (not articles), online resources, government documents, microforms, sound or video recordings, archival collections, etc.
  • Pegasus: Columbia University Law School Library Online Catalog
    Pegasus includes: U.S. federal and state law, selected Commonwealth jurisdictions, major foreign language collections and, since 1983, vernacular and Western language materials pertaining to law in Japan and the People's Rep. of China.
  • WorldCat
    An online catalog of the collections of 24,000 member libraries of the OCLC consortium, comprising more than 36 million records for books, serials, manuscript collections, audiovisual materials, computer files, and other media.
  • Borrow Direct
    A borrowing service offered by the university libraries of Columbia, Brown, Cornell, Dartmouth, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Yale. It is designed to allow students, faculty and staff to request (and receive in four days) books directly from each other's collections.

Background Information

Books, Journals, & Articles


  • Arms Control Today. Monthly.
    Washington, D.C.: Arms Control Association, 1980-
    Call Number: JX 1974 .A757
       See section "Arms Control in Print."
       Web version includes full text of feature article for each issue.
  • International Conflict Resolution: Comparative & Theoretical Studies (Southern Africa, South & Southeast Asia, The Balkans, North Africa & the Middle East)
    A bibliographic guide to both print and internet resources, compiled by Dr. Yuusuf S. Caruso, African Studies Librarian, Columbia University.
  • Armstrong, Glenda.
    Peace and Stability Operations, a bibliography prepared for the Air University Library, November 2006
  • Lakos, Amos.
    International Negotiations: a Bibliography.
    Boulder, Co.: Westview Press, 1989.
    Call Number: Z 6464.Z9 L32 1989
  • Making Peace Pay: a Bibliography on Disarmament & Conversion.
    Claremont, Calif. : Regina Books, 2000.
    Call Number: Z 6464 .Z9 M33 2000
  • Müller-Brettel, Marianne.
    Bibliography on Peace Research and Peaceful International Relations: the Contributions of Psychology, 1900-1991.
    New York: K.G. Saur, 1993.
    Call Number: JX 1952 .Z99 M85 1993g
  • McClean, Andrew.
    Security, Arms Control, and Conflict Reduction in East Asia and the Pacific.
    Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.
    Call Number: Z 6724 .N37 M37 1993 (Copies available in mulitiple locations)
  • Open CRS (Congressional Research Service Reports)
    Full text reports. Search by keyword or topic for in-depth CRS reports, prepared for Congress.
  • Peaceful Settlement of Disputes Between States: a Selective Bibliography.
    New York : United Nations, 1991.
    Call Number: JX 4473 .P43 1991g (Copies available in mulitiple locations)
  • Peacekeeping: a Selected Bibliography, U.S. Army War College Library, July 2009
    This bibliography is meant to provide a starting place for research on peacekeeping's expanding role in world affairs. It lists references for readings about peacekeeping in general, highlights special issues and concerns, and addresses past and present operations in the following areas: Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Central and South America, Europe, Russia and the New Independent States, and the Middle East.
  • Scrivener, David.
    Bibliography of Arms Control Verification.
    Brookfield, VT : Gower Pub. Co., c1990.
    Call Number: Z 6724 .A73 .S38 1990
  • UNIDIR Repertory of Disarmament Research (United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research).
    New York : United Nations, 1990.
    Call Number: JX 1974 .U39
    Continues Repertory of Disarmament Research, Call Number: Z 6464.D6 R46, published in 1980.
  • UN System Pathfinder: Disarmament
  • UN System Pathfinder: International Security and Peacekeeping
    The purpose of these Pathfinders is to identify major publications of the organizations comprising the United Nations system. Materials were selected with a view to currency, relevance and usefulness. It includes global studies and reports, handbooks and guides, bibliographies and indices, international statistical publications, compilations of treaties, resolutions and documents as well as annual reports of UN bodies and specialized agencies.
  • United States Institute of Peace.
    Bibliography on Peace, Security, and International Conflict Management.
    Washington, D.C. : U.S. Institute of Peace, 1993.
    Call Number: JX 4473 .U54 1993g

Journal Articles

  • Armstrong, Glenda.
    Peace and Stability Operations, a bibliography prepared for the Air University Library, November 2006
  • CNS Nonproliferation Databases
    The nonproliferation databases compiled by the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies are the most comprehensive open source data resources in the world on nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and missile proliferation developments.
    Experts and scholars at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies sift through and verify facts from over 400 publications and information sources in several languages to create these uniquely accurate and extensive databases. The databases contain current and archived information from various sources including trade journals, government and defense publications, periodicals and electronic news sources, academic journals, U.S. congressional testimony, conference proceedings, books, United Nations and International Atomic Energy Agency documents, correspondence from international advisors, unpublished papers and Internet sources.
  • EINIRAS Database Network
    The EINIRAS database makes available several databases of citations to security-related articles, 1990-present. They can be searched by English, French, Spanish, and German keywords.
  • International Political Science Abstracts. Bimonthly.
    Paris: International Political Science Association, 1951-
    Call Number: JA 36 .I5 (Copies available in multiple locations)
  • Kiss, Terry.
    Peacekeeping, a bibliography prepared for the Air University Library, October 2005
  • PAIS International. Monthly.
    New York: Public Affairs Information Service, 1915-
    Call Number: Z 7163 .P922 (Copies available in multiple locations)
  • Peace Research Abstracts. Quarterly.
    Oakville, Ont.: Canadian Peace Research Institute, 1962-
    Call Number: JX 1901 .P38
  • ProQuest Statistical Insight
    The ProQuest Statistical database provides comprehensive access to statistical data. Many of the sources are linked to the full text of the data, although some state, private, and IGO sources are cited, allowing the researcher to then locate the statistical source on the internet or in the library, either in print or as part of the microfiche service which accompanies the printed index.
  • Rand Corporation.
    Search Rand Documents. Quarterly.
    Santa Monica, CA.: Rand, 1964-
    Call Number: Z 7911 .R151 (Copies available in multiple locations)

U.S. Government Agencies

  • Department of Defense
  • Department of Energy
    • National Nuclear Security Administration
      Part of the mission of the NNSA is to promote international nuclear safety and nonproliferation
    • Office of Fissile Materials Disposition
      The Department of Energy's Office of Fissile Materials Disposition is involved in the effort to reduce the global nuclear danger associated with inventories of surplus weapons-usable fissile materials (highly enriched uranium and plutonium). The Office is developing strategies and implementing actions to: (1) provide a Department-wide storage configuration that is secure, environmentally sound, inspectable, and cost effective; and (2) eliminate surplus weapons-usable fissile materials in a manner that encourages reciprocal action abroad.
  • Department of State
    The Department of State is the primary source of foreign affairs information for the U.S. Government and is responsible for implementing the President's foreign policies. The Department provides much of the national security and economic data used by the government as well as most data on the internal politics of foreign countries.
    • Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
      The Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN) is responsible for managing a broad range of nonproliferation, counterproliferation and arms control functions. ISN leads U.S. efforts to prevent the spread of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) and their delivery systems.
    • Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance
      (Formerly Known As Bureau of Verification, Compliance, and Implementation (VCI))
          The Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (AVC) provides oversight of both policy and resources of all matters relating to verification of compliance with international arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament agreements and commitments.
    • Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
      The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls advances national strategic objectives and U.S. foreign policy goals through timely enforcement of defense trade controls and the formulation of defense trade policy.
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
    Global Security Nonproliferation Program

    Its mission is to provide technology, analysis, and expertise to aid the United States government in preventing the spread or use of weapons of mass destruction.
  • Sandia National Laboratories
    Nonproliferation Program

    Its mission is to provide technology, analysis, and expertise to aid the U.S. government in preventing the spread or use of weapons of mass destruction.
  • United States Institute of Peace
    The United States Institute of Peace is an independent, nonpartisan federal institution created and funded by Congress to strengthen the nation's capacity to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflict.

Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs)

United Nations

Research & Policy Centers

  • CIAO: Columbia International Affairs Online
    Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) is designed to be the most comprehensive source for theory and research in international affairs. It publishes a wide range of scholarship from 1991 on that includes working papers from university research institutes, occasional papers series from NGOs, foundation-funded research projects, and proceedings from conferences.
  • The Arms Control Association
    The ACA website provides access to its journal, Arms Control Today, background information & analysis on the Comprehensive Test Ban (CTB) Treaty, and other arms control briefings, fact sheets, and background papers.
  • Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)
    BICC is an independent non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and facilitating the processes whereby people, skills, technology, equipment, and financial and economic resources can be shifted away from the defense sector and applied to alternative civilian uses.
     BICC Bulletin
  • The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
    The Endowment conducts programs of research, discussion, publication, and education in international affairs and U.S. foreign policy, including migration, nuclear non-proliferation, regional conflicts, multilateralism, democracy-building, and the use of force.
  • The Carter Center, Emory University
    The Center wages peace by bringing warring parties to the negotiating table, monitoring elections, safeguarding human rights, and building strong democracies through economic development.
     Peace Programs: Americas Program, China Program, Conflict Resolution Program, Democracy Program, Human Rights Program.
  • Center for International Development and Conflict Management, at the University of Maryland
    CIDCM programs are based on the belief that "peace building and development-with-justice are two sides of the same coin." (Edward Azar, 1987). With this philosophy at its core, the Center has acted as a forum for the expression of a broad range of views about the transition from war to peace.
  • Center for Peace and Security Studies, Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service
    Project areas include: Non-military aspects of security, conflict and conflict resolution, technology and security, arms and arms control, the U.S. and international security.
  • Center for Security Studies and Conflict Research, Zurich
    The Center for Security Studies, founded in 1986, is an independent academic institution researching and teaching in the fields of security policy and conflict analysis. The Center maintains an extensive list of publications on general subjects in the field. It also serves as the Secretariat for the International Relations and Security Network (ISN), a daily updated electronic clearinghouse for resources in the field of security and defense studies, peace and conflict research, and international relations. The service is organized in a subject and a regional listing, contains a current issues page and links to related research institutions.
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies
    The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a public policy research institution dedicated to policy analysis and impact. CSIS is the only institution of its kind that maintains resident experts on all the world's major geographical regions. It also covers key functional areas, such as international finance, the emerging markets, U.S. domestic and economic policy related to the Strengthening of America, and U.S. foreign policy and national security issues.
  • Centre for Conflict Resolution, University of Bradford, UK
    The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), which is based in the Department of Peace Studies, was established in 1990. From the beginning, emphasis has been placed on combining the ideas and experiences of both academics and practitioners and on the transference of research findings into practical applications. Research themes are: Peacebuilding from Below, Peacekeeping and Conflict Resolution, and Education and Training in Non-Violent Conflict Resolution Skills.
     Publication: UN & Conflict Monitor
  • Conciliation Resources
    Conciliation Resources serves as an international resource for local or national organisations pursuing peace or conflict prevention initiatives. The principal objective is to support sustained practical activities of those working at the community and national levels to prevent or transform violent conflict into opportunities for social, political and economic development based on more just relationships.
     Publication: Accord: An International Review of Peace Initiatives
  • Conflict Information Consortium (Formerly Conflict Research Consortium), University of Colorado, Boulder
    "A comprehensive gateway to information on more constructive approaches to difficult conflicts."
  • Council for a Livable World
    The Council provides the U.S. Congress with sophisticated technical and scientific information that helps them make intelligent decisions about nuclear arms control, strategic and conventional weapons, the military budget and United Nations peacekeeping. Council for a Livable World will continue to advocate deep reductions and elimination of weapons of mass destruction.
  • German Association for Peace and Conflict Studies (AFK)
  • Groupe de recherche et d'information sur la paix et la sécurité (GRIP)
  • Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research
    Research projects include a Conflict Barometer and the KOSIMO Database, containing (at this time) 693 political conflicts from 1945 to 1999. Each conflict is coded with 28 variables.
     Publication: Internet Country Guides
  • International Boundaries Research Unit, University of Durham, UK
    Home page of the center, its programs, and its publications; plus, a searchable news database: International Boundary News Archive (News briefs compiled from around the world, 1991-3/2001).
  • International Campaign to Ban Landmines
      Publications: Cluster Munition Monitor, Country Profiles, Landmine Monitor
  • International Conflict Research Institute (INCORE)
    INCORE is a joint initiative of the University of Ulster and the United Nations University.
     Publication: Ethnic Conflict Research Digest
  • International Crisis Group, Washington, DC & Brussels, Belgium.
    "The ICG is a private, multinational organisation committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to understand and respond to impending crises. ICG's approach is grounded in field research ... and advocacy." Includes a Conflict Histories database, a Map database, and a monthly CrisisWatch newsletter.
  • International Peace Institute, New York
    IPI is an independent, non-partisan, international organization dedicated to promoting the peaceful settlement of armed conflicts between and within states. It works closely with the United Nations, regional and other international organizations, governments, and parties to conflicts.
  • International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO)
    Research at PRIO concentrates on the driving forces behind violent conflict and on ways in which peace can be built, maintained and spread. In addition to theoretical and empirical research, PRIO also conducts policy-oriented activities and engages in the search for solutions in cases of actual or potential violent conflict.
  • Inventory of Conflict and Environment (ICE), School of International Service, American University, Washington, DC
        The ICE database contains summarized information on case studies of conflict and environment around the world. The database is organized by region and country. The files are searchable.
  • James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Studies, at the Monterey Institute of International Studies
    The CNS provides research tools, analysis, training, and education on nonproliferation issues to scholars and policy-makers from around the world. Since its inception in 1989, the CNS has grown into the leading U.S. center for training and research specifically on nonproliferation issues.
     Publication: The Nonproliferation Review
    Call Number: JX 1974.73 .N645
        An international journal that features articles, viewpoints, and reports on a variety of nonproliferation problems, including the spread of nuclear, missile, chemical, biological, and advanced conventional technologies.
  • The Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability
    Our shared vision is a peaceful, ethical, and sustainable world for our time. To this end, the Mission of the Nautilus Institute is to improve global problem solving by applying and refining the strategic tools of cooperative engagement to fundamental problems undermining global security and sustainability.
  • Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)
    NTI's mission is to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. It is co-chaired by former Senator Sam Nunn and CNN founder Ted Turner. Program areas include: United States, Russia/New Independent States, Biological, Regional, and Public Education and Outreach.
     Publication: Country Profiles
  • Peace Science Society (International), Pennsylvania State University
    The Peace Science Society (International), or PSS(I), encourages the development of peace analysis and conflict management. PSS(I) does not confine itself to ideas specific to peace research, but welcomes and utilizes relevant work of the social and natural sciences.
     Publications: Conflict Management and Peace Science, Journal of Conflict Resolution
  • Peace Support Training Centre, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
    [Founded in July 1996] "To provide a nucleus of expertise within the Canadian Forces responsible for the development of peace support techniques based on lessons learned, training methodology, training standards and the provision of training and training support."
  • PIR Center: Center for Policy Studies in Russia
    Although its name and flexible structure permit it to conduct research on a wide range of issues related to Russian foreign and domestic policy, the Center is currently focused on international security, arms control, and nonproliferation issues that are directly related to Russia's internal situation.
  • RAND
    RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve public policy through research and analysis. RAND research is carried out within centers, programs, and institutes that focus on particular areas of policy concern.
  • School for Conflict Analysis and Resolution , George Mason University
  • Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
  • Union of Concerned Scientists
    One of the main issues covered is Nuclear Weapons & Global Security.
  • University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC)
    IGCC was founded in 1983 as a multi-campus research unit serving the entire University of California (UC) system. In addition to its traditional work on arms control and proliferation, IGCC has expanded its research agenda to include several broad areas of inquiry: regional relations, international environmental policy, international relations theory, and the domestic sources of foreign policy.