Economic Census


The economic censuses are comprehensive and periodic canvasses of the nation's industrial & business activities. Taken by the Census Bureau every five years, the economic censuses provide a detailed statistical profile of a large segment of the national economy.

The early beginnings of America's industrial output were first measured in the 1810 Census of Manufactures, part of the Decennial Census. In 1954, an integrated census program was begun, which was then regularized in 1967 to be taken at 5 year intervals covering years ending in "2" and "7."

Check marks in the table below indicate the years for which the various components of the economic censuses were taken.

By clicking on the you will be taken to a page describing the publications for that year of that census component and the print holdings at the Columbia University Libraries.

A indicates years of economic census publication for which Columbia has no print holdings.

Clicking on any of the table headings will take you to a page which describes the overall scope and intent of that particular census series, as well as information about sources for updating data between censuses. Similarly, there are links to pages with information for each year that the economic censuses were conducted, 1972-2002.

The Census Bureau also conducts numerous economic surveys each year.

A most useful book is:

  • Boettcher, Jennifer C.
    Industry Research Using the Economic Census.
    Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 2004.
    HC 101 .B594 2004 - Business Reference
  Business Construction Fisheries Manufactures Minerals/Mining Retail Trade Services Transportation Wholesale Trade
2007                  
2002   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1997   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1992   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1987   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1982   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1977   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1972   Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1967 Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1963 Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark
1958 Red Check Mark     Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1954 Red Check Mark     Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1948 Red Check Mark         Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1947       Red Check Mark          
1939 Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1937       Red Check Mark          
1935 Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1933 Red Check Mark     Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark
1931       Red Check Mark          
1929 Red Check Mark Red Check Mark   Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark     Red Check Mark
1927       Red Check Mark          
1925       Red Check Mark          
1923       Red Check Mark          
1921       Red Check Mark          
1919       Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1914       Red Check Mark          
1909       Blue Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1908     Blue Check Mark            
1905       Red Check Mark          
1902         Blue Check Mark        
1890     Red Check Mark Red Check Mark Red Check Mark        
1880     Blue Check Mark Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1870       Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1860       Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1850       Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1840       Red Check Mark Blue Check Mark        
1820       Red Check Mark          
1810       Red Check Mark          
  Business Construction Fisheries Manufactures Minerals Retail Trade Services Transportation Wholesale Trade