Due to inclement weather, library facilities will close at 3:00pm Monday, Jan. 26. Butler Library study spaces will remain open. More >>

Off-Campus Resources

You may also wish to consult lists of major internet text collections arranged by language or by subject.

Resources marked with this symbol are restricted to Columbia affiliates.

Finding aids

Other electronic text centers and organizations

Issues of relevance to electronic textual work

  • Copyright
    From the Columbia University Libraries/Information Services Copyright Advisory Office
  • Text Encoding Initiative
    In order for electronic texts to be effectively searched and analyzed, they require some degree of markup, coding identifying key structural (and possibly content and/or display) features. In order to promote the most efficient use and exchange of a growing body of electronic text materials, efforts are being made by the scholarly and publishing community to establish standards for markup, and the standard that is emerging as that of SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) and, most recently XML (Extensible Markup Language), a simplified and more easily implementable version of the latter. Since SGML and XML describe a method for markup rather than prescribing a specific set of markup tags, a parallel effort has been made by the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) to propose sets of tags that researchers and publishers should use in marking up texts, to facilitate the use of those texts by other scholars as well.