Papyrology Resources


Papyrology is a discipline concerned with the discovery, preservation, classification, and interpretation of papyri, documents written on a surface made from reeds, in use from the third millennium BCE up through the early Middle Ages.

Primary Source Materials

  • APIS: Advanced Papyrology Information System
    APIS represents a consortium of six universities with papyrus collections: Columbia, Duke, Princeton, Berkeley, University of Michigan, and Yale. Users can look at the provenance and catalog descriptions for the items included, and also look at the metadata for each item. There are over 18,000 items included currently, and where images are available, there are many viewing options included, such as various details in addition to the whole piece.

    These members of the consortium have individual pages as well:

  • POxy
    The Oxyrhynchus Papyrus Project: a work-in-progress catalog and image collection of papyri from the Egyptian site of Oxyrhynchus. Approximately 1300 of an eventual 5000+ items are available for viewing.
  • The Carlsberg Papyri Collection
    The Carlsberg Papyrus Collection -- at the Carlsberg Foundation for the Egyptological Institute (Carsten Niebuhr Institute of Near Eastern Studies, University of Copenhagen) -- contains more than 500 inventoried papyri and as-yet-uncataloged materials.
  • Institut fur Papyrologie der Universitat Heidelberg
    Digitized collection of Greek, Demotic, and Coptic papyri, according to the catalog of the University of Heidelberg.
  • Papyrussamlung, Osterreischiche Nationalbibliothek
    Guide to the papyrus collections. Records in the catalog often include digital images.
  • Papyrologie Sorbonne
    The site of the Institut de Papyrologie at the Sorbonne. Users will eventually be able to view Demotic, Greek, Latin, Coptic, and Arabic papyri, although currently (November 2002) only the Greek collection is available online.
  • Homer in the Papyri
    A line-by-line account of all known papyrus fragments of the Iliad and Odyssey and their variant readings. Available at the Digital Humanities Center.

Secondary Source Materials

Professional Societies