1. History and Overview of the Collection
Columbia University Libraries supports research in all areas of ancient, modern, and contemporary philosophy. This includes both the history of philosophy in Europe, the Americas, and the English-speaking world more generally and contemporary philosophy from the entire world in European languages, especially in English, German, and French. Collection suggestions from students, faculty, and researchers are welcome.
Columbia’s philosophy collections represent two and a half centuries of collecting and donating and reflect the strengths of both the donors’ collections as well as the emphases of curricular and research among the scholars and students here. Collections are particularly rich in early printings of major philosophical texts of Western Europe from the 15th century through the 19th century. Strengths of the collection from more recent eras include the history of philosophy, epistemology, aesthetics, logic, political theory, ethics, and philosophy of science.
Rare and unique items in philosophy are held in the collections of the Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Significant collections of philosophy, especially related to theology and the history of Christianity, are located at the Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary; some works related to aesthetics and the philosophy of art are at Avery Architectural & Fine Arts Library; the social sciences are housed in the Lehman Social Sciences Library; likewise, books on musical aesthetics may be found at the Gabe M. Wiener Music & Arts Library. For collections in East Asian philosophy, please see collections policies for the C.V. Starr East Asian Library.
2. Academic Departments and Programs Supported
Department of Philosophy majors and minors; Columbia College (CC), School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS), and School of General Studies (GS) students enrolled in the Literature Humanities and/or Contemporary Civilization courses in the Core Curriculum.
Students in the Departments of: Religion; Art History and Archaeology; Classics; English and Comparative Literature; History; Music; Political Science; and Psychology,
b. Graduate and Professional Schools
PhD in Philosophy; MA in Philosophy; MA in Philosophical Foundations of Physics; graduate programs in history, sociology, anthropology, classics, English and comparative literature, French and Romance philology, Germanic languages, Italian, Latin American and Iberian cultures, political science, religion, and Slavic languages.
c. Institutes, Interdisciplinary Programs, etc.
Heyman Center for the Humanities; Medieval & Renaissance Studies Program; Center for the Study of Capitalism and Society; European Institute; Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research; Institute for Religion, Culture, and Public Life; Society of Fellows in the Humanities.
d. Course Reserves
Selection for course reserves is up to individual faculty members. The Librarian will do whatever is possible to secure specific materials absent from the collection.
3. Selection Guidelines
The core of the print collections in philosophy consists of critical and historical editions of major western philosophical writers, dating back to antiquity, and works of contemporary philosophers, collected since the 18th century. The richness of Columbia’s collections in these areas reflects the university’s historically strong program in philosophy as well as Columbia’s undergraduate Core Curriculum, with its emphasis on philosophical texts, particularly in its Contemporary Civilization course. Butler Library contains monographs, serials, source collections and critical editions, reference materials at the research level in English, and all major modern European languages, especially French, German, and Italian. Works by canonical philosophers, as well as many of the most important texts in recent and contemporary philosophy, are held in the Milstein Undergraduate Library on the second, third, and fourth floors of Butler Library, the Moral & Political Theory Reading Room (504 Butler Library), the Early Modern/Modern Europe Reading Room (504 Butler Library), and the Edward Said Reading Room (616 Butler Library). Rare materials are collected by and housed in Columbia’s Rare Book & Manuscript Library (RBML).
b. Digital Collections
The Libraries purchase and provide access to a wide range of aggregated databases, electronic journals, and electronic primary source collections including PhilPapers, POIESIS, Philosopher’s Index, Past Masters, Electronic Enlightenment, Oxford Handbooks of Philosophy Online, Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy Online, and Online Library of Liberty.
Over 600 videos related to philosophical topics are available in the Butler Media Collection. Media related to topics in philosophy are collected based on faculty and student request. See also the Libraries’ media policy.
d. Languages Collected
English, German, French, Italian materials are collected primarily; Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Slavic languages are collected selectively.
e. Chronological Focus
Renaissance (15th century) to the present.
f. Geographical Focus
Primarily western Europe and North America.
g. Imprint Dates Collected
The main focus of collecting is current and recent (+/- three years) imprints. When antiquarian acquisitions are offered via gift or purchase, no specific chronological ranges are established in advance; rare or unique materials from any period may be considered.
4. Distinctive and Special Collections
The Rare Book & Manuscript Library (RBML) holds over 3,000 rare books in philosophy from a wide range of countries and eras, primarily in English and other European languages as well as Hebrew. Highlights include a 14th-century Italian manuscript copy of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, a 1473 edition of Boethius’ De consolatione philosophiae, a first issue of the first edition of John Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding from 1690, and several early editions of works by Leibniz. While we do not have a focused collections policy for acquiring rare items in philosophy, some of the areas of concentration for the RBML include works of philosophy. (See RBML’s “What We Collect” page.)
5. Collection Strategies
a. Consortia and Collaborative Collecting with Other Institutions
The range of available print materials--monographs, edited volumes, serials--is significantly enhanced by Columbia’s participation in Borrow Direct and the Manhattan Research Library Initiative (MaRLI), a partnership with New York University and The New York Public Library.
b. Location Decisions and Selection for ReCAP
The majority of titles are selected for the Butler Library stacks. A small number of titles, primarily self-published titles and some donated items, are selected for relocation to the Libraries’ shared off-site storage facility (ReCAP).
Duplication of titles is limited to works identified by faculty as being central to a specific course. In these cases, no more than a few copies are obtained, one of which should be placed by the faculty member on reserve.
Deduplication only takes place when a title has been identified for relocation to ReCAP and a copy already exists on shelf at that facility. Even in this instance, the Librarian will inspect the local copy for any unique features/unusual provenance before assenting to deduplication.
Titles are deaccessioned only in cases where the physical copy is disintegrating and no longer serviceable in print format. In these instances, either a preservation photocopy is made, or a digital surrogate created or obtained. Books located in RBML are not deaccessioned.
d. Digitization and Preservation
Titles in both Columbia’s circulating and special collections are evaluated by staff of the Libraries’ Preservation & Digital Conversion Division (PDCD) as needed.